What we most commonly call "artichoke" is actually the strangely shaped flowering bud of the tall, thistle-like artichoke plant, which as a whole has some remarkable health benefits. Used since the 4th century BC as a digestive aid, modern science and clinical studies now back up many of these strong herbal traditions. Artichoke has long been considered a "cholagogue" to support healthy bile flow. Since many toxins are fat-soluble and require the emulsifying effects of bile for their elimination from our bodies, this supportive function of artichoke is highly beneficial to the liver as it works tirelessly to keep us in the clear. And like another of its thistle cousins, milk thistle, artichoke has documented benefits for helping to support healthy liver cells. Our artichokes are grown in Germany in nutrient-dense, organic soil. Upon harvest, our fresh artichoke buds are gently milled, juiced, and concentrated under low temperatures into a highly nourishing liver-supporter.